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Income Tax Slabs and Deductions for a 80 Plus Super Senior Citizen in 2013-2014



One must have heard the famous saying " Taxes Are Paid In The Sweat Of Every Man Who Labors ". No matter how old one is, one continues to pay taxes. Taxes are the fruit and sweat of one’s labour. One can notice particularly in the older generation how they still love to pay taxes. It gives them a sense of satisfaction that they are contributing to the growth and development of our Great Nation. Doesn’t one need to learn from the elders of our nation why one needs to pay those income taxes? One needs to consider how the Government would get funds to construct bridges, flyovers, railway tracks and the great ships and aircraft that guard our maritime boundaries. You must have heard the famous quote by Franklin Roosevelt the former US President." Taxes Are The Dues That We Pay For The Privileges Of Membership In An Organized Society ". Care To Know Why You Need To Pay Those Income Taxes?. The team of Financial Planners at Moneymindz.com are always there for you to plan your taxation needs in a most effective and efficient manner. You can explore this unique Free Advisory Service just by giving a missed call on 022 6211 6588.

Individual Who Is More Than 80 Years At Any Time During The Previous Year: (Financial Year 2013-2014)

Income Tax Slabs For The Financial Year 2013-2014

Individuals And Hindu Undivided Families and Resident Woman Under 60 Years

Income Tax Slabs Income Tax Rates Education Cess
1 Where the total income does not exceed INR 2,00,000 NIL NIL
2 Where the total income exceeds INR 2,00,000 but does not exceed INR 5,00,000 10% of the amount by which the total income exceeds INR 2,00,000. 2 % of Income Tax
3 Where the total income exceeds INR 5,00,000 but does not exceed INR 10,00,000 INR 30000/- + 20% of the amount by which the total income exceeds INR 5,00,000. 2 % of Income Tax
4 Where the total income exceeds INR 10,00,000 INR 130000/- + 30% of the amount by which the total income exceeds INR 10,00,000 2 % of Income Tax

Education Cess : Here Education cess on Income tax and Secondary and Higher Education cess on income tax shall be levied at the rate of 2% and 1% respectively. Let us consider Mrs Asha aged 45 years of age works as a fashion designer and consultant and earns INR 12 Lakhs per annum. Mrs Asha does not make use of any of the income tax deductions available to her. Let us calculate her income taxes.

Table – 1

Heads % Of Income Tax Income Tax
Up To INR 5 Lakhs NIL NIL
INR 5 Lakhs - INR 10 Lakhs
Here you have a range of 500000 To 1000000 which gives us 500000 (1000000-500000)
You then calculate 20% of INR 500000
20% INR 1,00,000 (A)
Mr Mahesh earns INR 12 Lakhs
Here you have a range of 1000000 To 1200000 which gives us 200000.
You then calculate 30% of INR 200000
INR 1,00,000 + 30% INR 60,000 (B)
Total INR 160000 (C)=(A)+(B)
Educational Cess 3% Of Total Tax (3% Of INR 160000) INR 4800
Net Tax Payable INR 164800

From this example one can notice that had Mr Mahesh not made use of the income tax deductions available to him he would have payed an income tax of INR 164800. What Are The Deductions Available Under Section 80 C Of The Income Tax Act Which Is Used By Mr Mahesh? Senior Citizens Saving Scheme
Senior Citizens Saving Scheme is the most lucrative scheme among all small saving schemes and is meant only for senior citizens. Interest income is tax chargeable. Current rate of interest is 9% per annum payable quarterly. Here Mr Mahesh invests INR 1 Lakh in the senior citizens saving scheme and gets deductions under Section 80 C of the Income Tax Act. This proves to be a lucrative method for him to save on his income tax.

What Are The Deductions Available Under Section 80 DD Of The Income Tax Act Which Is Used By Mr Mahesh? Section 80 DD

This is a deduction with respect to the maintenance expenses including the medical treatment of a handicapped dependent. The deduction is available for the amount spent for one’s spouse, children, parent’s brothers or sisters of the individual. The second condition is that the disabled person should be wholly or mainly dependent on the person seeking the deduction for their support and maintenance. The dependent should have a disability of at least 40%, and for claiming the deduction. The assessee has to furnish a copy of the certificate issued by the medical authority. The following expenses are exempted under this section :

  • Expenditure for the medical treatment, training, nursing and rehabilitation of the dependent.
  • Amount paid or deposited under any scheme framed on this behalf by the LIC or any other insurer or a specified company and approved by the Board on this behalf, for the support and maintenance of the dependent.

A fixed deduction of INR 50,000 is allowed irrespective of the amount incurred. Deduction of INR 1,00,000 is allowed if the dependent has a disability of more than 80%. Mr Mahesh has a disabled child for whom he incurs an expense of INR 50000 per annum. He claims deductions under Section 80 DD up to an amount of INR 50000.

Section 80 G

Section 80G deductions are available with respect to donations for charitable institutions by any tax payer. A person can claim Section 80G deductions for amounts given in receipt or certificate of donation issued by a donee. A valid 80G Certificate or receipt format must contain the PAN No. of the Donee, Date of the Registration Certificate and its Validity with the Income Tax Department, Date of Donation, Amount of Donation and Signature of the recipient.

Mr Anil donates INR 1 Lakh towards the Prime Ministers National Relief Fund as he regards this as his National Duty. He is exempt from income tax on this amount to the full extent of his donation. Table 2

Heads Amount
Gross Taxable Income INR 1200000 (A)
Less Senior Citizens Saving Schemes Under Section 80 C INR 100000 (B)
Less Tax Deductions Under Section 80DD INR 50000 (C)
Less Tax Deductions Under Section 80G INR 100000 (D)
Total Taxable Income INR 950000 (A) - ( B+C+D)

Table 3

Heads % Of Income Tax Income Tax
Up To INR 5.0 Lakhs NIL NIL (A)
INR 5 Lakhs - INR 10 Lakhs
Here you have a range of 500000 To 1000000 which gives us 500000.
You then calculate 20% of INR 450000 since the net taxable amount is INR 950000 after deductions as shown in Table 2.
20% INR 90000 (B)
Total Tax INR 90000 (A)+(B)
Education Cess 3% Of INR 90000 INR 2700 (C)
Net Tax Payable INR 92700
  • Here one can see the Net Income Tax payable of INR 164800 (Table -1) where Mr. Anil has not made use of any of the income tax deductions available to him and hence pays a higher amount of tax.
  • Here one can see the Net Income Tax Payable of INR 92700 (TABLE - 3) where one can calculate the amount paid by Mr. Anil as income taxes had he made use of the deductions available to him.
  • Here the difference between TABLE 3 and TABLE 1 is the yearly amount Mr. Anil saves on tax by making use of the tax saving instruments available to him. This translates to a sum of INR 164800 -INR 92700 = INR 72100
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